Officials in Nigeria have confirmed 71 cases of dengue fever in the city of Sokoto .uk

Officials in Nigeria have confirmed 71 cases of dengue fever in the city of Sokoto

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A dengue fever outbreak has been formally confirmed in Sokoto State, Nigeria, according to the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control and Prevention.

On Saturday, the National Center for Disease Control and Prevention (NCDC) announced online that the outbreak had been detected in November 2023.

So far, in three local government areas in the state—Sokoto South (60 cases), Wamako (three cases), and Dange Shuni (one case)—there have been 71 suspected cases, 13 confirmed cases, and zero deaths, according to a statement signed by Ifedayo Adetifa, the NCDC Director General.

According to the data, people between the ages of 21 and 40 report the majority of suspected instances.

The dengue virus, which is present in infected mosquito bites, causes dengue fever in humans. The virus has not been proven to transmit from humans to humans. Urban and semi-urban regions and tropical and subtropical climates are the most common habitats for this virus.

Within a week or two, the majority of dengue patients will feel much better, if any symptoms at all. In extremely rare cases, dengue fever can be fatal. In most cases, symptoms will not appear until four to ten days following the infection and will continue for two to seven days at the most.

In addition to a high temperature (40°C or 104°F), other fever symptoms may include a rash, nausea, vomiting, swollen glands, pain in the muscles and joints, a sharp headache, and pain behind the eyes. People who contract dengue fever for the second time are more likely to experience severe symptoms.

To direct in-country readiness efforts, the National Emerging Viral Haemorrhagic Diseases Technical Working Group, which is directed by the National Center for Disease Control and Prevention (NCDC), collaborated with other organizations and key stakeholders to do a quick risk assessment.

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“The NEVHD TWG is responsible for coordinating international efforts to be ready for the spread of the Ebola virus and other new forms of viral hemorrhagic fever.”

The statement was partially read.
According to the results of the dynamic risk assessment, the dengue outbreak is currently at a moderate risk level.

In the case of a widespread epidemic, the country’s present capabilities (including technical, health staff, and diagnostic) would allow for a sufficient response. The 2014 Ebola outbreak and the accompanying Lassa fever were viral hemorrhagic fever epidemics to which Nigeria responded.

Over the years, this has strengthened our capacity to respond to and prepare for viral hemorrhagic fevers, such as dengue.

The Usman Dan Fodio University Sokoto Teaching Hospital Laboratory Centre for Human and Zoonotic Virology and the National Center for Disease Control and Prevention (NCDC) National Reference Laboratory in Abuja both have dengue virus diagnostic capabilities.

“However, in order to be better prepared for a large-scale outbreak, the NCDC will optimize its national laboratory network for DENV diagnosis and existing Lassa fever testing laboratories,” the agency stated.

Additionally, control capabilities are available, and a response system is in place to limit the potential spread to other states.

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