The Most Popular Job Sectors in Germany

The Most Popular Job Sectors in Germany in 2023

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This country has always been known as a great place to work, but not everyone has the same chance of getting a job in Germany. However, the German economy is one of the strongest in the world, and there is always a need for qualified labor. This article will briefly discuss Germany’s most popular job sectors in Germany 2022.

The Most Popular Job Sectors in Germany

The most popular job sectors in Germany in 2022

There is a severe shortage of specialists in Germany for the so-called STEM fields (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics).
338,000 specialists are now needed, up 42,000 from a year ago. Only 15% of STEM professionals in Germany are female.

These specialists are vital to the German economy because they contribute significantly to leading and advanced German industries.
Germany actively encourages foreign workers in STEM sectors, and the government has even cut the minimum wage needed to qualify for an EU Blue Card to 44,304 EUR per year.

The fact that every fifth employee in the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) profession is a foreigner also gives expats and foreigners a strong chance of getting hired. The demand for local workers in the German labor market needs to be met.

Germany’s most popular occupation with a high degree

There are two categories of workers in the German labor market: those with a high degree and those with vocational education.

Some academic careers are in very high demand among employers. However, qualified trade professionals are only permitted to apply for about 70% of the open opportunities on the market.

The highly sought-after specialists in Germany are listed below.

1. Experts in industrial technology

For a very long time, there has been a need for specialists in the IT industry. According to the poll, Germany has over 124,000 open IT jobs. About 42,000 new jobs in the IT sector were added in 2018 alone. The lack of IT specialists has doubled in the last three years.
The salaries also show the demand: software developers make about 61,200 EUR on average, while IT consultants make an average of 75,200 EUR.

The largest selection of opportunities for young people to discover fascinating and future-oriented work is in Berlin, a center for tech start-ups. Without speaking German, finding a job in a tech company in Germany is also reasonably straightforward.
This demand applies to both professionals in computer science and programmers or software developers. Every industry and company, from law offices to automobile factories, need at least one tech-savvy employee.

2. IT analysts and consultants

IT analysts and consultants are among the highly sought-after IT talents in Germany. The ability to find employment without German language proficiency is an enormous benefit for expats in this category.

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Because there isn’t a lot of communication involved in this position, you can launch your career with a working command of English. This is relevant to a lot of German IT employment.
However, experienced IT consultants can expect to make between 60,000 EUR and 98,000 EUR each year.

3. Data analysts and scientists

Data holds the key to our future. In the German economy, data analytics and cybersecurity are essential.
Almost every significant business gathers a lot of data, whether it be about consumer behavior, product flows, staff databases, etc.

Data scientists examine this data to look for patterns that can be used to improve procedures, draw in new clients, or carry out similar activities.
Such professions need some programming experience as well as statistical knowledge. For those who want to master data, German universities even offer a unique major called “Data Science.”
Data scientists in Germany make a gross annual salary of 58,600 euros.

4. Computer programmers

Software developers, one of Germany’s most sought-after job categories, are proficient in various programming languages and capable of creating new software and computer programs.

They also check for bugs in already-built software and come up with fixes. This position currently has more than 13,000 vacant positions in Germany, about a third more than it had a year ago.
In Germany, a salary of more than 50,000 EUR is considered a decent wage for software developers.

5. Doctors

Despite many medical students in Germany, the country experiences a doctor shortage, making doctors one of the most sought-after occupations ever.

In Germany, a formal shortage of doctors is included in the list. Currently, it is only possible to fill up to 2,000 doctor posts. Small cities/villages and numerous clinics need help to draw in new staff.
General practitioners, specialists, and hospital doctors are all in short supply. Typically, a six-year medical degree recognized in Germany is required for this job.
The average income for doctors in Germany ranges from 65,000 EUR to 85,000 EUR, depending on the specialization and level of experience.

6. Engineers

Germany is like a paradise to Engineers. Despite this, engineers are among the most sought-after employment sectors in Germany’s list of shortage professions, making the job search process simple for everyone.
In Germany, almost all engineering specialties are in high demand, mainly mechanical, automotive, and electrical.

Here are the engineering specialties with the most openings:

  •  Telecommunications
  • Mechanical engineering
  • Electrical engineering
  • Computer science engineering
  • Structural engineering

1. Engineers of machinery and vehicles

There is a high demand for mechanical engineers in Germany due to the country’s industrial concentration. They can operate in industries like the automobile, shipbuilding, and manufacturing, where a building of technology is required.
Around 5,000 engineers and experienced professionals in this field still need to be improved in Germany. For this position, a mechanical engineering degree is required.
Mechanical engineers typically start out making between 40,000 and 45,000 EUR gross.

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2. Engineers, Electrical

Electrical engineers are required everywhere there is civilization in the age of the smartphone and laptop.
Electrical equipment related to electricity, electronics, and energy is developed and manufactured through electrical engineering.
Electrical engineering graduates are in high demand in the German job market.
Companies like BMW, Volkswagen, Daimler, Samsung, Siemens, and Sony may hire engineers in Germany. They are significant German businesses with thousands of employees and a persistent need for talent.
In Germany, an electrical engineer has an average salary of roughly 60,000 EUR.

3. Engineers, Civil

Currently in high demand are civil engineers, who will always be needed as long as buildings are being constructed.

By enrolling in a master’s program, civil engineers can also specialize in a particular field of knowledge.

The average annual income for civil engineers in Germany is around 62,000 EUR.

4. Scientists

Natural science specialists are also in high demand in Germany. They are sought after as personnel by businesses, universities, and research institutions.

Among these are courses in biology, chemistry, physics, ecology, geology, astronomy, meteorology, and other related fields.
The demand for professionals in biology and chemistry is exceptionally high in Germany.

5. Mathematicians

Algebra or geometry are their areas of expertise. They work in various fields depending on whether the math is theoretical or practical. In Germany, few people study the subject, and the number of experts in the field is steadily declining.
Numerous fields require mathematicians, including software and telecommunications, research and development, banks and insurance firms, science, and education at secondary and tertiary institutions.

In Germany, excellent mathematicians can expect an average salary of 64,000 EUR, but earning up to 75,000 EUR is common.

Demand for Jobs in Germany with a Vocational Education

In Germany, it is unusual that someone who has finished vocational training will be unemployed.

Trade experts are in high demand and limited supply in all sectors of the German economy.
In Germany, non-degree occupations with vocational training make up over 70% of open positions.

Every year, the shortage gets worse, which causes a variety of problems for local businesses.

Another problem is that more and more people today choose to pursue academic careers over acquiring a trade.
As a result, this trend inevitably lowers the number of jobs accessible each year.

Below are some of the jobs in demand in Germany with vocational education:

  • Nurses and eldercare professionals

For many years, nurses have been in high demand in Germany. Senior care providers are even more in demand. As the population of Germany ages quickly, the need for foreign employees to care for the elderly grows.

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Already, many hospitals and care centers lack sufficient staff. The demographic shift will make the shortfall worse as the German population ages: by 2030, it is anticipated that 500,000 full-time workers will be retiring.

Although they aren’t the most straightforward jobs in the world, nurses and caregivers make a respectable average salary of 37,900 euros for nurses and 32,400 euros for elderly caretakers.

  • Workers in metal

Metalworkers have long been in demand because they are a traditional trade profession with many subspecialties.
Electricians or Electronics Technicians

The traditional occupation that is always in demand around the globe is that of an electrician.
In Germany, you have many options, including information and system technology, energy and building technology, automation and operation technology, building and infrastructure systems, and equipment and systems.
Even without a college degree, an electrician in Germany can make over 40,000 EUR annually.

  • Mechatronics

In Germany, there is a high demand for people in the field of mechatronics. Without them, nothing functions.
Today, almost every new technology product is connected with computer science, electronics, and mechanics elements. Mechatronic engineers specialize in combining these fields in particular.

You can get employment in many fields in Germany as a professional in these subjects of knowledge. An apprenticeship, vocational training, or possibly a mechatronics engineering degree are requirements for this position.
With academic training, mechatronics engineers can earn between 40,000 and 45,000 EUR annually, with vocational training paying a few thousand less.

  • Retailers, salespeople, and sales assistants

Salespeople are in need everywhere—at little shops, large stores, and supermarkets.
Consumers constantly purchase food, technology, furniture, and other goods. Retail should remain a viable industry in the future.

You must have good German language skills for this profession, but frequently only a few qualifications are necessary; in some cases, the business will provide training.
Unfortunately, German salespeople earn an average of between 1,500 and 2,200 EUR per month, or 18,000 and 26,400 EUR yearly, making them one of the country’s undervalued occupations.

In Germany, vocational schools offer instruction in all of these professions.


There are numerous jobs in Germany, but this article focused only on the country’s most well-liked professions, including IT specialists, engineers, doctors, and others.

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